Pills of Historical Regatta

Glossary

A premando

Indicates the left direction given to the boat. Cascar a premando: keep more to the left. Vegnir a premando: come towards the left.

A seconda

Row in favour of the water.

A stagando

Indicates the right direction given to the boat.

Andar a contraria

Rowing against the current.

Aqua stanca

Quiet state of the water between the fall and the rising tide, or vice versa.

Aver il vento in forcola

When the wind blows against the edge of the boat on which its oarlock is fixed. In similar conditions, the rower has more difficulty.

Balotina

Boat similar to a gondola, from which it differs for the slightly narrower and rounder hull and the slightly greater length. We know that traditionally this kind of boat was called balotina from the use that the ancient Venetian hunters made of it, going with it to the valley to kill merganser ducks with clay bullets commonly called ‘Balote’, which they shot with a crossbow.

Bancali

The Council of Experts who judge the disputes in the Stazi (gondola stations).

Bandiera

Triangular drape that constitutes the prize for the racer: red for the first place, then white, green and blue. Vegnir in bandiera means to arrive among the first four.

Barca da Padova

Heavy boat for the transport of goods or people that passed along the Brenta river.

Barchetta

That is what the gondoliers call the gondola used as a ferry. It is also called gondola da parada. In ancient times the regatta gondolini were also called barchette or bateleti.

Bataizzo/a

In terms of racing, the small and continuous waves that agitate the race area.

Batela/o

Term of Frankish origin to indicate a generally small boat. Batela buranela is a type of sandolo transport (flat bottom rowing boat), larger in size than the classic sandolo. Bateleti was also the name of the gondolini in the past. It is used generically to indicate the vaporetto (waterbus).

Batelante

The person who practised the profession of barcaro (rower) on a batela.

Bissona

It is a light boat with eight oars, which is sumptuously decorated on the occasion of regattas and other public appearances, to go to the regatta. Bissona is also used to make fun of a woman wearing feathers as the bissone is also adorned with plumes.

Bollatura

Control operation performed by experts on the boats admitted to participate in the race.

Bragozzante

Fisherman from Chioggia who uses a bragozzo.

Bragozzo

Chioggia fishing boat.

Bucintoro

Beautiful boat, very rich in carvings, gilding, velvets, which the Republic used on solemn occasions of public appearances. There is mention of them at the time of the Doge Pietro Tradonico. From the year 1311, the Bucintoro was moved by towing and then by rowing.
The last one was launched on January 12, 1728. It was 34.800 metres long, 7.308 metres wide and 8.352 metres high. The height was divided by a deck into two floors. As the upper part was higher than the immersed one, the boat was not used except when the sea and the sky were still and calm.
It had 42 oars moved by 168 rowers chosen by the Arsenale. The golden parts of this historic ship were barbarously and foolishly burned in 1798 by the French occupiers. The Bucintoro was armed with 4 large cannons to defend the lagoon and then became a prison for the crews and its name changed to ‘IDRA’.
It is uncertain whether ‘Bucintoro’ derives from ‘Bucio’ or ‘Buzo’, a particular boat which once enriched with golden sculptures may have taken the name of ‘Bucio d’oro’ and hence ‘Bucindoro’ and then ‘Bucintoro’; others derive it from the Latin’ ducentorum’ or rather from a ship suitable for two hundred men, a term then transformed into ‘bucentorum’”.

Burcer

The driver of a burcio.

Burcio

Large cargo boat.

Campo

Keeping the boat out of the line of boats which forms after the cavata (start of the race). Overtaking to gain a position. Also, the stretch of lagoon or canal where the regatta takes place.

Cao

Rope of medium thickness.

Caorlina

A typical two-pointed boat, once used by estuary greengrocers. The main feature of the caorlina is the shape of the stern and bow, which are the same, elongated and without a mast.
Its size varies in capacity (from 30 to 60 quintals). The caorlina, as a racing boat, made its appearance in the Historical Regatta of 1949. It was included in this event after its success the year before during the regatta organized for the celebrations of the inauguration of the war memorial in Cavallino.

Capariola

An ancient boat used to collect scallops, similar to the sandolo boat, often mentioned on the occasion of ancient regattas.

Casada (de)

Owned by or at the service of a Patrician family.

Cascar in forcola

To finish the race with one’s torso tilting towards the oarlock, without the support of one’s front leg. A beginner’s mistake.

Cascar sui brassi

This is when the boat deviates from its direction, increasing the effort of those who have the oar inside the curve. Having the boat on the brassi: rowing in perfect conditions.

Cavàlo del gondolin

Shaped wooden plank, fixed to the right on the inner edge of the gondolino for the possible support of the rower at the bow.

Cavata

The first stretch of the race where the boat is rowed at the highest possible speed to conquer the position.

Caveto

A piece of rope stretched between the neck of the oarlock and the boat and twisted with a wedge. Used to stop the oarlock from moving during the race.

Cevente

The rising tide. The opposite of dosana.

Colma o colmo de aqua

Maximum height of the tide. The opposite of magra de aqua.

Contraria

The unfavourable current. Andar a contraria (going against the current).

Coppano

Work boat often used on the occasion of the regatta, the current Caiccio.

Cordin

Rope stretched over the water along the starting line to which all the rowers attach themselves to form the alignment.

Corso

Procession of boats on the occasion of popular festivals.

Cortelo

Little board, usually of beech, is added to the side of the oar blade, which serves to strengthen this delicate area of the oar.

Dar impasso

Cutting in front in the regatta. Battling with each other.

Destrigarse

In regatta terms it means to free oneself.

Disnar

Traditional dinner among racers held on the Thursday before the race.

Dosana

Low tide. Synonyms: dosanella, contrarion.

Fero

Metal ornament for the bow or stern of the gondola and boats in general.

Filo de aqua

The route chosen by the experienced racer because the second one is stronger, or the unfavourable current weaker.

Fisolera

One oar lagoon boat.

Fitabatele

A typical boat used for hunting.

 

Forcola

Oarlock of the lagoon boats. Of different dimensions and shapes depending on the type of boat.

Fresco

Evening gathering of boats.

Fusta

Small galley with only one mast that could also be moved by rowing.

Gondolete

A term used for racing gondolini.

Gondolier da casada

Gondolier at the service of a Patrician family.

Gondolino

Racing boat only used during the Historical Regatta.

Grignada

The term indicates a misconduct that the racers attempt when they are about to be overtaken. It consists of pointing the oar under the bow of the opponent who is pressing them.

Machina

Stage erected on the water on the occasion of the regatta, which symbolizes the arrival point of the regatta and the place of the award ceremony.

Magra de aqua

Minimum height of the tide.

Malgarota

A six-oar boat similar to a gondola, slightly shorter than the Bissona but of the same shape, slender and elegantly decorated.

Mascareta

Boat with two rowers, a kind of sandolo.

Molecante

Moleche (crab) breeder.

Moleche

Crab during the change of shells, a delicacy.

Morto de aqua

The tired phase of the tide. Those few minutes between the two phases of dosana and cevente and vice versa.

Mosse

It indicates the starting point of the regatta.

Nerva Tricarino

Board resting on the heads of the vertical frame to strengthen the boat and also to enable walking along the edges without descending on the pagiolà (floor).

Nogaro (o vogaro)

Hole on the rib in which the oarlock must be inserted.

Nolo

The service performed by the gondolier for private transport.

Nominanza

Nickname by which the racers are often called.

Numero d’acqua

Position drawn in the alignment at the start.

Padrino

Race judge.

Paletto

Pole around which the boats turn during the regatta.

Parada

Ferry from one bank of the Canal to the other.

Parecio

Boat furniture.

Peata

A boat used to transport goods.

Peater

Peate conductor.

Penola

Wedge, generally in soft wood, used to fix the oarlock.

Porcheto

A piglet. Awarded as a prize to the fourth place in the regatta.

Pupparin

Regatta sandolo. Like the gondola, the stern rower is above a platform on the poppa (stern) (hence the name puparin) with the right foot slightly higher and spaced from the left.

Re del remo

The racer who manages to win the Historical Regatta 5 consecutive times.

Rispetarse

A term indicating the obligation for the racers not to attempt overtaking manoeuvres at the turn of the paleto or according to the order of the jury.

Ruzo

The loud buzz. The scream of the crowd, heard by the rowers at the entrance to the Grand Canal.

S’ciopon

Low hunting boat.

S’cioponante

Hunter with musket.

Sabbionante

Sand carrier.

Sandolista

The person who transports people with a sandolo.

Sandolo

Widespread lagoon boat used for multiple uses.

Seca

Shallow seabed, shoal.

Seconda

Water current in favour.

Sentàr

The seat or armchair that stands at the bow of the boat’s beam.

Sentina

The stretch of the bottom of a boat between two beams.

Seragia

Fixed-position fishing system.

Seragiante

Fisherman who works with seragie (fixed-position fishing systems).

Servitor

From the boating term in disuse, that indicates the person who is employed as a boatman.

Siada

The action of the oar placed in front of the oarlock, so the boat stops.

Siàr

Stopping the boat by placing the oar in front of the oarlock.

Sollazzieri

A person who practised rowing as a sport or for fun.

Spagheto

see cordin.

Squerariol

Builder of boats or gondolas.

Squero

Shipyard, workshop in which boats are built or repaired.

Stalir

Turn the boat to the right by return stroke with the oar paddle, with pressure under the surface of the water. The rhythmic succession of the premer (push) and the stalir (return stroke) is the basic technique of the regatta with one oar.

Tiemo

Mobile covering of the boats, usually of canvas.

Tiràr el remo

Refine the oar, make it lighter from the giron (middle part of the oar) to the paddle.

Tirar l’aqua

The term indicates a way to use the paddle oar to move the boat sideways or to make it brake.

Trasto

Plank placed sideways to the boat and fixed to the sides.

Valesana

Type of rowing for small boats and a single man pushing the boat rowing aft with two crossed oars.

Veneta

Pleasure boat used in Venice since the beginning of the 20th century to adapt the English rowing hulls to the local rowing, practised by the sollazzieri, that is, the boaters who attended the gymnastics societies.

Vocar in tagio

Impale the oar lightly, row with little effort.

Vodo

It indicates the racer who failed to win the flag.

Vogar in zenziva

Rowing by skirting the edge of a canal, where the bottom rises to form the ridge of the shoals.

Vogar sora palùo

Rowing outside the canal, where the bottom is too shallow.

Vogar sul remo

Rowing too close to another boat, so the oars touch.

Vogaro o nogaro

Hole on the rib in which the oarlock must be inserted.

Volta del Canal

The corner of the Grand Canal outside Ca’ Foscari. Traditional arrival point of the historical regatta.

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